Energy-efficient user association mechanism enabling fully hybrid spectrum sharing among multiple 5G cellular operators

Mothana L. Attiah, A. A. Md Isa, Zahriladha Zakaria, Ahmed M. Dinar, M . K. Abdulhameed, Mowafak K. Mohsen


Spectrum sharing (SS) is a promising solution to enhance spectrum utilization in future cellular systems. Reducing the energy consumption in cellular networks has recently earned tremendous attention from diverse stakeholders (i.e., vendors, mobile network operators (MNOs), and government) to decrease the CO2 emissions and thus introducing an environment-friendly wireless communication. Therefore, in this paper, joint energy-efficient user association (UA) mechanism and fully hybrid spectrum sharing (EE-FHSS) approach is proposed considering the quality of experience QoE (i.e., data rate) as the main constraint. In this approach, the spectrum available in the high and low frequencies (28 and 73 GHz) is sliced into three portions (licensed, semi-shared, and fully-shared) aims to serve the users (UEs) that belong to four operators in an integrated and hybrid manner. The performance of the proposed QoE-Based EE UA-FHSS is compared with the well-known maximum signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio (max-SINR UA-FHSS). Numerical results show that remarkable enhancement in terms of EE for the four participating operators can be achieved while maintaining a high degree of QoE to the UEs.


energy efficiency; green 5G communication; hybrid spectrum sharing (HSS);

Full Text:




  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

TELKOMNIKA Telecommunication, Computing, Electronics and Control
ISSN: 1693-6930, e-ISSN: 2302-9293
Universitas Ahmad Dahlan, 4th Campus
Jl. Ringroad Selatan, Kragilan, Tamanan, Banguntapan, Bantul, Yogyakarta, Indonesia 55191
Phone: +62 (274) 563515, 511830, 379418, 371120
Fax: +62 274 564604