Architecture and Fault Identification of Wide-area Protection System

Zhenxing Li Zhenxing Li, Xianggen Yin Xianggen Yin, Zhe Zhang Zhe Zhang, Yuxue Wang


Wide-area protection system (WAPS) is widely studied for the purpose of improving the performance of conventional backup protection. In this paper, the system architecture of WAPS is proposed and its key technologies are discussed in view of engineering projects. So a mixed structure-centralized-distributed structure which is more suitable for WAPS in limited power grid region, is obtained based on the advantages of the centralized structure and distributed structure. Furthermore, regional distance protection algorithm was taken as an example to illustrate the functions of the constituent units. Faulted components can be detected based on multi-source imformation fuse in the algorithm. And the algorithm cannot only improved the selectivity, the rapidity, and the reliability of relaying protection but also has high fault tolerant capability. A simulation of 220 kV grid systems in Easter Hubei province showed the effectiveness of the wide-area protection system presented by this paper.

Full Text:



J C Tan, P A Crossley, P G McLaren, P F Gale. Application of a Wide Area Backup Protection Expert System to Prevent Cascading Outages. IEEE Trans. Power Del. 2002; 17(2): 375-380.

D Novosel, G Bartok, G Henneberg, P Mysore, D Tziouvaras. IEEE PSRC report on performance of relaying during wide-area stressed conditions. IEEE Trans. Power Del. 2010; 25(1): 3-16.

Das Priyanath, Nee Dey, Sunita Halder; Chakrabarti, Abhijit; Datta. Tanaya.Assessment of voltage stability using network equivalent. TELKOMNIKA. 2011; 9(3): 595-604.

A G Phadke, J S Thorp. Expose hidden failures to prevent cascading outages. IEEE Comput. Appl. Power. 1996; 7: 20–23.

M G Adamiak, A P Apostolov, M M Begovic. Wide area protection-technology and infrastructures. IEEE Trans. Power Del. 2006; .21(2): 601-609.

Vladimir Terzija, Gustavo Valverde, Deyu Cai. Wide-Area Monitoring, Protection, and Control of Future Electric Power Networks. Proceedings of the IEEE. 2011; 99(1): 80-93.

X N Lin, Z T Li, K C Wu, H L Weng. Principles and implementations of hierarchical region defensive systems of power grid. IEEE Trans. Power Del. 2009; 24(1): 30-37.

Panjaitan Seno D, Hartoyo Aryanto. A lighting control system in buildings based on fuzzy logic. TELKOMNIKA. 2011; 9(3): 423-432.

X Y Tong, X R Wang, K M Hopkinson. The modeling and verification of peer-to-peer negotiating multiagent colored petri nets for wide-area backup protection. IEEE Trans. Power Del. 2009; 24(1,): 61-72.

Yin Xianggen, Wang Yang, Zhang Zhe. Zone-division and tripping strategy for limited wide area protection adapting to smart grid. Proc. CSEE. 2010; 30(7): 1-7.

Lin Xiangning, Ke Shuohao, Li Zhengtian. A fault diagnosis method of power systems based on improved objective function and genetic algorithm-tabu search. IEEE Trans. Power Del. 2010; 25(3): 1268-1274.

Sheng, K K Li, W L Chan. Agent based self-healing protection system. IEEE Trans. Power Del. 2006; 21(2): 610-618.

M M Eissa, M E Masoud. A novel back up wide area protection technique for power transmission grids using phasor measurement unit. IEEE Trans. Power Del. 2010; 25(1): 270-278.

Serizawa Y, Myoujin M, Kitamura K A, Shuto I. Wide-area current differential backup protection employing broadband communications and time transfer systems. IEEE Trans. Power Del. 1998; 13(4): 1046-1052.

Nian Liu, Jianhua Zhang, Wenxia Liu. Toward Key Management for Communications of Wide Area Primary and Backup Protection. IEEE Trans. Power Del. 2010; 25(3): 2030-2032.

Zijad Galijasevic, and Ali Abur. Fault Location Using Voltage Measurements. IEEE Trans. Power Del. 2002; 17(2): 441-445.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

TELKOMNIKA Telecommunication, Computing, Electronics and Control
ISSN: 1693-6930, e-ISSN: 2302-9293
Universitas Ahmad Dahlan, 4th Campus
Jl. Ringroad Selatan, Kragilan, Tamanan, Banguntapan, Bantul, Yogyakarta, Indonesia 55191
Phone: +62 (274) 563515, 511830, 379418, 371120
Fax: +62 274 564604