Optimizing Time and Effort Parameters of COCOMO II using Fuzzy Multi-Objective Particle Swarm Optimization

Kholed Langsari, Riyanarto Sarno, Sholiq Sholiq


Estimating the efforts, costs, and schedules of software projects is a frequent challenge to software development projects. A bad estimation will result in bad management of a project. Various models of estimation have been defined to complete this estimate. The Constructive Cost Model II (COCOMO II) is one of the most famous models as a model for estimating efforts, costs, and schedules. To estimate the effort, cost, and schedule in project of software, the COCOMO II uses inputs: Effort Multiplier (EM), Scale Factor (SF), and Source Line of Code (SLOC). Evidently, this model is still lack in terms of accuracy rates in both efforts estimated and time of development. In this paper, we introduced to use Gaussian Membership Function (GMF) of Fuzzy Logic and Multi-Objective Particle Swarm Optimization (MOPSO) method to calibrate and optimize the parameters of COCOMO II. It is to achieve a new level of accuracy better on COCOMO II. The Nasa93 dataset is used to implement the method proposed. The experimental results of the method proposed have reduced the error downto 11.89% and 8.08% compared to the original COCOMO II. This method proposed has achieved better results than previous studies.


multi-objective PSO; software effort estimation; COCOMO II; fuzzy logic

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.12928/telkomnika.v16i5.9698


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TELKOMNIKA Telecommunication, Computing, Electronics and Control
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