Development of Wireless Electric Field Mill for Atmospheric Electric Field Observation

Muhammad Abu Bakar Sidik, Hamizah Shahroom, Zolkafle Buntat, Yanuar Zulardiansyah Arief, Zainuddin Nawawi, Muhammad Irfan Jambak


Rotating-vane electric field mill (REFM) sensor is one of the popular methods to measure atmospheric quasi-static electric field. Lightning incident occasion can be predicted by observing electric fields strength in atmosphere. In this paper an integration of REFM with an online wireless data monitoring system for long distance observation and data collection is presented. This method reduces the required man-hour to gather data from the REFM as well as system costs by removing the computer and data logger on-site. The development includes hardware and software design in order to improve efficiency the atmospheric electric field measurement system. The contribution of this work is the design of the electronic circuit which converts the ac signal from the REFM sensor to dc signal and then correlates the signal to the electric field strength in the vicinity. Subsequently the information is transmitted via a wireless data transmission system, using the Global System Mobile Communication (GSM) network. Using the proposed method, all the data from sensors can be observed and analysed immediately from any location.

Full Text:



A. Fort, M. Mugnaini, V. Vignoli, S. Rocchi, F. Perini, J. Monari, et al., "Design, modeling, and test of a system for atmospheric electric field measurement," Instrumentation and Measurement, IEEE Transactions on, vol. 60, pp. 2778-2785, 2011.

M. Z. Jacobson, Fundamentals of atmospheric modeling: Cambridge University Press, 2005.

E. J. Tarbuck and F. K. Lutgens, "Earth Science 8th Edition, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458," ed: Pearson Education, Inc, 2006.

M. Alam and H. Ahmad, "Review of Lightning Warning Systems: Technical and Economical Aspects," in Proc. Int. Conf. on Electromagnetic Compatibility, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 1995, pp. 89-94.

"IEEE Guide for the Measurement of DC Electric-Field Strength and Ion Related Quantities," IEEE Std 1227-1990, p. 1, 1990.

G. Diendorfer, M. Mair, W. Schulz, and W. Hadrian, Lightning current measurements in Austria-experimental setup and first results: na, 2000.

J. C. Mosher, T. M. Rynne, and P. S. Lewis, "MUSIC for localization of thunderstorm cells," in Signals, Systems and Computers, 1993. 1993 Conference Record of The Twenty-Seventh Asilomar Conference on, 1993, pp. 986-990.

W. D. Rust and R. J. Trapp, "Initial balloon soundings of the electric field in winter nimbostratus clouds in the USA," Geophysical research letters, vol. 29, pp. 20-1-20-4, 2002.

M. A. B. Sidik, N. S. C. M. Shukri, H. Ahmad, Z. Buntat, N. Bashir, Y. Z. Arief, et al., "Atmospheric Electric Field Data Logger System," Jurnal Teknologi, vol. 64, 2013.

E. H. Gurban and G. Andreescu, "SCADA element solutions using Ethernet and mobile phone network," in Intelligent Systems and Informatics (SISY), 2011 IEEE 9th International Symposium on, 2011, pp. 303-308.

H. Cai, "A Remote Wireless Data Acquisition System Based on Ad Hoc Network and GPRS," in 2009Second International Workshop on Computer Science and Engineering, IEEE, 2009.

Z. Nawawi, M. A. Bakar Sidik, M. Boon Kean, H. Ahmad, Z. Buntat, N. Azlinda Ahmad, et al., "Data transmission system of rotating electric field mill network using microcontroller and GSM module," Jurnal Teknologi (Sciences and Engineering), vol. 64, pp. 109-112, 2013.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

TELKOMNIKA Telecommunication, Computing, Electronics and Control
ISSN: 1693-6930, e-ISSN: 2302-9293
Universitas Ahmad Dahlan, 4th Campus
Jl. Ringroad Selatan, Kragilan, Tamanan, Banguntapan, Bantul, Yogyakarta, Indonesia 55191
Phone: +62 (274) 563515, 511830, 379418, 371120
Fax: +62 274 564604