The bounds for the distance two labelling and radio labelling of nanostar tree dendrimer
Kins Yenoke, Mohammed K. A. Kaabar

Abstract
The distance two labelling and radio labelling problems are applicable to find the optimal frequency assignments on AM and FM radio stations. The distance two labelling, known as L(2,1)-labelling of a graph A, can be defined as a function, π, from the vertex set V(A) to the set of all nonnegative integers such that π(π, π ) represents the distance between the vertices c and s in π΄ where the absolute values of the difference between π(π) and π(π ) are greater than or equal to both 2 and 1 if π(π, π )=1 and π(π, π ) = 2, respectively. The L(2,1)-labelling number of π΄, denoted by π2,1 (π΄), can be defined as the smallest number j such that there is an πΏ(2,1) βlabeling with maximum label j. A radio labelling of a connected graph A is an injection k from the vertices of π΄ to π such that π(π, π ) + |π(π) β π(π )| β₯ 1 + π β π, π β π(π΄), where π represents the diameter of graph π΄. The radio numbers of π and A are represented by ππ(π) and ππ(π΄) which are the maximum number assigned to any vertex of π΄ and the minimum value of ππ(π) taken over all labellings k of π΄, respectively. Our main goal is to obtain the bounds for the distance two labelling and radio labelling of nanostar tree dendrimers.

Keywords
distance-two-labelling; labelling; radio labelling; radio number;

DOI:

http://doi.org/10.12928/telkomnika.v20i1.20404

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